1. Writing Task 1
The chart below shows what Anthropology graduates from one university did after finishing their undergraduate degree course. The table shows the salaries of the anthropologists in work after five years.
Summaries the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where revelant.
Write at least 150 words.
Salaries of Anthropology graduates (after 5 years’ work)
The pie chart gives information about the employment status of Anthropology graduates from a particular university after completing their undergraduate degree course, and the table illustrates how much the anthropologists in three different types of employment got paid after five years.
In general, it is evident that while the percentage of Anthropology graduates doing full-time work after receiving their undergraduate degree was highest, the opposite was true for those choosing part-time work and postgraduate study. Furthermore, after 5 year’s work, the proportions of anthropologists working as freelance consultants and in the government sector with the lowest salary range were exactly the same, while the highest figure can be seen in that of those working in the government sector with the highest-paid.
Regarding the pie chart, the majority of Anthropology graduates had a full-time job, at 52%, while the proportions of those only working part-time and the unemployed were significantly lower, at only 15% and 12% respectively. Meanwhile, the figures for Anthropology graduates choosing full-time postgraduate study and the unknown group were identical, at 8%, whereas only 5% of graduates majoring in Anthropology chose to do part-time work and pursue postgraduate study at the same time.
Turning to the table, Anthropology graduates with a salary range between 25.000 and 49.999 dollars accounted for the smallest proportion of those working as freelance consultants and in the government sector after 5 years, at only 5%, which was half the figure for private companies. By contrast, the percentages of those working as freelance consultants, in the government sector and in private companies with the most generous salary in the table were considerably higher, at 40%, 50% and 30% respectively.
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2. Writing Task 2
In some cultures, children are often told they can achieve anything if they try hard enough. What are the advantages and disadvantages of giving children this message?
In some countries, children are taught that hard work will help them achieve their goals. In my opinion, this message can inspire and motivate them to overcome hardships, but at the same time, it can cause delusion and disappointment.
On the one hand, teaching children that hard work can guarantee success has several advantages. To start with, this message can motivate children, especially those who believe that innate talents determine success. For example, when learning a second language, which is a challenging and time- consuming process, children need to truly understand that hard work, and not talents, is conducive to enhancing proficiency. That way, they could stay motivated and keep on learning when they encounter setbacks. More importantly, the role of valuing hard work goes beyond being a mere source of motivation. It can also help children to develop a positive mentality and improve their resilience, all of which are necessary for their adult life.
On the other hand, the biggest disadvantage of the notion that diligence ensures success is that it may mislead children into spending too much time and effort on the tasks in which hard work plays little role. For example, a child wanting to be a professional singer may waste time on voice training without considering their lack of musical talents but still hope that they may achieve success one day. Similarly, most painters need to have a great and unique sense of aesthetics, which is considered as a rare talent and therefore cannot be acquired through hard work. Believing that hard work alone is enough can breed frustration, delusion, or even mental illness.
In conclusion, teaching children that hard work will always result in success is a great way to motivate them through hardships. Nevertheless, such teaching may produce undesirable outcomes in situations where hard work is not the key.
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