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IELTS Speaking Part 3: City & Countryside

In this post, we would like to put an emphasis on IELTS Speaking Part 3 topic City & Countryside .

Topic : City & Countryside

1. What are the advantages of living in the countryside?

Living in the countryside can benefit people in a wide range of ways. Living in the countryside is better for one’s health condition, thanks to significantly lower levels of air pollution. It is undeniable that air quality in big cities is so bad that long-term exposure to it may cause respiratory diseases and other health problems. Besides, the cost of living in rural areas is likely to be lower than that in cities. Although people in the city tend to make more money than people in the countryside do, they have to spend more on food, accommodation and transportation. Therefore, one can save more money by living in the countryside without working as hard.

2. What are the disadvantages of living in the countryside?

Although living in the countryside can do wonders for your wellbeing, it is undeniable that there are still some drawbacks of living in the countryside. To be more specific, not having good transport on your doorstep, will make it inconvenient to travel to a far-away place, which also means you will squander more time on commuting. Another disadvantage is that country-dwellers also have fewer job opportunities compared to those in the cities, thereby resulting in a lower standard of living.

3. What kinds of people live in the countryside?

To the best of my knowledge, many people decide to live in the countryside because they want to downshift to a less stressful life. Although people who live in the countryside can still lead hectic lives, the peace of their surroundings helps to bring them to a gentle halt and remind them not to rush life away.

4. What do people living in the countryside like to do?

I reckon that when living in the countryside, people can enjoy a myriad of activities that they hardly have in cities such as going out at night without fear of street criminals, doing exercise in the early morning to enjoy the fresh air.

5. How has life changed over time in the countryside?

The countryside has experienced specific changes for the last few decades. Firstly, people, especially farmers, have applied modern technologies in their work. Therefore, productivity has significantly improved while people don’t have sweat as much as they used to. Moreover, young people in the countryside tend to move to town to seek job opportunities. As a result, the population in the countryside is reducing and ageing.

6. Do you think it is better to live in the countryside or in the city?

As often as this question is raised, I believe it remains a tough decision to make when it comes to choosing between living in the countryside and living in the city. Many people have been attracted to live and work in big cities because of better employment opportunities and higher living standards. This massive rural-to-urban migration has, however, led to an increase in environmental pollution, traffic and social issues in urban areas. It would be a better idea for people to live in the suburb and travel into the city to work every day so that they can enjoy the best of both worlds.

7. How is the countryside different from town?

There are many things which differ in the countryside from town. It is much less crowded in the country than in cities. Besides, the pace of life in the countryside is slow while people living in big cities always seem to be in a hurry. Also, it is much more healthy to live out of big cities because the air in the country is fresher and there is not as much noise.

8. Do youngsters prefer living in rural areas? Why or why not?

Youngsters prefer to live in the cities. It is mainly because of the innumerous job opportunities that a city offers. Apart from this, a city offers good healthcare and educational facilities.

Vocabulary For Speaking Part 3

  • Exposure: the state of having no protection from something harmful. 
    Ex: Prolonged exposure to heat can be harmful. 
  • Respiratory Diseases: Respiratory diseases, or lung diseases, are pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange difficult in air-breathing animals.
    Ex: Chain smokers are often detected with respiratory diseases. 
  • Do wonders: to cause improvements or have a very good affect. 
    Ex: Aloe vera gel did wonders to my skin. 
  • Squander: to spent extravagantly or  to waste money. 
    Ex: The rich brat squanders his father’s money on his friends. 
  • Country-dwellers: a person who lives in the country 
    Ex: Country-dwellers spend their money wisely. 
  • To the best of my knowledge: used to say that a person thinks something is true. 
    Ex: The thesis submitted by me is to the best of my knowledge. 
  • A myriad of:  a very large number
    Ex: There are a myriad of spiders in the old house. 
  • Living standards: the quality of housing, material comfort, and wealth experienced by an individual or group.
    Ex: Over the decades, living standards among the people have been improved.

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