Home IELTS Writing Writing Task 1 Writing Task 1: The Changes in Ownership of Electrical Appliances

Writing Task 1: The Changes in Ownership of Electrical Appliances

The charts below show the changes in ownership of electrical appliances and amount of time spent doing housework in households in one country between 1920 and 2019. 

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 

Sample Essay 1

The first line chart illustrates the proportions of households owning washing machines, refrigerators and vacuum cleaners while the second one depicts how much time per week every family expended on household chores from 1920 to 2019 in one particular nation.

Overall, it is notable that while the figures for the utensils witnessed a strong surge, the opposite was true for the time quantity. In addition, refrigerators and vacuums gained substantial popularity, making them the most common at the end of the period.

Upon a closer look at appliance ownership, in 1920, the percentages of homes having refrigerators and vacuums were nearly 3% and 30%, respectively. During the next ten decades, the former skyrocketed to its peak of 100% in 1980, followed by a plateau, whereas the latter soared to 100% in 2000, then remained unchanged. As for washing machines, ownership was much higher than the others initially, at 40%. However, it experienced a slower growth to just 70% between 1920 and 1960, but later dipped slightly by about 5% in 1980 and recovered steadily to approximately 75% by 2019.

Turning to the figures for hours spent on housework weekly, a plunge from 50 to 15 was seen over the first 60 years, and it then marginally declined to 10 hours by 2019.

211 Words

Sample Essay 2

The first graph displays the percentages of households that owned electrical appliances in one country between 1920 and 2019, while the second graph illustrates how much time households in that country spent doing housework during the same period.

Overall, ownership of all three appliances increased during this period, with that of refrigerators having the greatest growth. At the same time, the amount of time spent on housework decreased.

Washing machines were the most common of the three electrical appliances in 1920, with ownership reaching 40% of the population. This number then rose to about 75% in 2019, with a small dip in 1980. Nearly a third of households owned vacuum cleaners in 1920. Although ownership climbed steadily,  it did not reach 100% until 2000.

In comparison, almost no households had a refrigerator in 1920. However, ownership increased rapidly and by 1980 there was one in every household.

The amount of time spent doing housework, by contrast, first fell significantly from 50 to 15 hours per week between 1920 and 1980. After that, it only experienced a small drop to just over 10 hours a week in 2019.

187 Words

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