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Writing Task 2: Animal species become extinct

It is a natural process which animal species such as dinosaurs become extinct. There is no reason for people to prevent this from happening.

Do you agree or disagree?

Model Answer:

The natural course of evolution has seen numerous species come and go, including the iconic dinosaurs. Some argue that it is a futile endeavor for humans to interfere with this natural process and prevent the extinction of animal species. Despite acknowledging the logic behind this suggestion, I firmly disagree with it for several reasons.

Proponents of non-intervention argue that extinction is an inherent part of the evolutionary cycle. They contend that species, including dinosaurs, faced natural selection pressures that led to their demise, making it a fundamental aspect of the Earth’s ecological processes. Attempting to prevent such extinctions, according to this view, interferes with the natural order of the planet, meaning that it can cause more disadvantages rather than offering any practical benefit. They further argue that all efforts spent on conserving endangered species may not guarantee desired outcomes while demanding exorbitant expenses that can be allocated to more pressing issues.

Nevertheless, I strongly believe that we should take immediate action to address the issue for reasons related to human impacts and the values that endangered species can offer. Regarding the former, the impact of human activities, such as deforestation, pollution, and climate change, has accelerated the rate of species extinction, affecting biodiversity and potentially causing a domino effect on other interconnected species. Humans, as conscious stewards of the planet, have a moral obligation to mitigate the impacts of their actions and preserve the diversity of life. Another significant aspect is that endangered species often possess unique genetic traits which should be studied thoroughly in order to pave the way for breakthroughs in medicine, biotechnology, and other scientific domains. For instance, a species might have developed resistance to certain diseases, which could inform medical research and contribute to the development of new treatments.

In conclusion, while the natural process of extinction has been a recurring phenomenon throughout Earth’s history, I would take the view that we should intervene with it to save threatened species. Preventing the extinction of animal species is not only an ethical imperative but also crucial for groundbreaking discoveries that can greatly benefit humanity.

(348 words)

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