Home IELTS Vocabulary Academic 16: cartoon, cash, cathedral, channel, chat

Academic 16: cartoon, cash, cathedral, channel, chat

1. cartoon

– Part Of Speech: noun
– Meaning: A simple drawing showing the features of its subjects in a humorously exaggerated way, especially a satirical one in a newspaper or magazine.
– Example:
+ the minister faced a welter of hostile headlines and mocking cartoons
+ Disillusioned with the politics and antics of politicians, Vijayan ventured into dark corners of history to find subjects for his cartoons.
+ There were press attacks and vicious satirical cartoons featuring Queen Victoria throughout the middle of the 19th century.
+ Newspaper cartoons are popular and important for social critique.
+ Mauldin was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1945, and the United Features Syndicate distributed his cartoons to hundreds of newspapers.
+ The books – Europe since Versailles and Europe at War – date back to 1940 and 1941 and feature political cartoons by Sir David Low.
+ Yet in today’s multimedia world, satire has entered the mainstream via theatre, television, music, newspaper cartoons, radio, and the internet.
+ Did you look at other cartoons in the magazine for inspiration?
+ Encouraged by his comrades’ response to his drawings, he eventually sent one of his cartoons to the Bystander magazine, and a legend was born.

2. cash

– Part Of Speech: noun
– Meaning: Money in coins or notes, as distinct from cheques, money orders, or credit.
– Example:
+ the staff were paid in cash
+ a discount for cash
+ Most of us are only familiar with a few ways to spend money: cash, checks and credit cards.
+ He took the victim’s wallet containing cash and credit cards, and left the house.
+ Entities having cash credit accounts or bill accounts can now make repayments of their credit facilities in cash instead of a cheque or draft.
+ The account is then settled with cash, travellers cheques or a credit card at the end of the week.
+ The days when cash, a cheque or a promissory note were the only methods of payment have passed.
+ Payment by the bidders will have to be in cash or bank guaranteed cheques.
+ The $200 deposit can be made using travellers cheques, credit card or cash.

3. cathedral

– Part Of Speech: noun
– Meaning: The principal church of a diocese, with which the bishop is officially associated.
– Example:
+ Many cathedrals, including York Minster, allow girls to sing in this traditionally male-dominated arena.
+ Masons were highly skilled craftsmen and their trade was most frequently used in the building of castles, churches and cathedrals.
+ At first glance, the New College Chapel looks like the many other churches and cathedrals that abound in Oxford.
+ This entrance to Amiens Cathedral in France shows just how vast cathedrals were.
+ A two-minute silence was observed across the city in churches, cathedrals, shops and homes.
+ Clerics from the wealthiest churches and cathedrals had robes as fine as any worn by nobles and princes.
+ Thus early monasteries may be associated with cathedrals, colleges, and minsters.
+ There is no need of vestments, bishops or cathedrals to worship Him, only a repentant heart and a will to follow.
+ They have sung by invitation in cathedrals, chapels, pubs and clubs.

4. channel

– Part Of Speech: noun
– Meaning: A length of water wider than a strait, joining two larger areas of water, especially two seas.
– Example:
+ Aldabra is famous among divers for the currents that flow through its channels as the changing tidal height affects the water in its lagoon.
+ We duly set off, heading across the Eday Sound, a channel of water between Sanday and Eday about three miles across.
+ The race mixed the traditional rowing rivalry between Oxford and Cambridge and saw seven boats take to the channel to race the 21-mile stretch from Great Britain to France.
+ On islands farther out in the archipelago, across water channels that may run several miles wide, deer make up about 50 percent of the diet.
+ What makes the islands particularly irresistible are two large channels called O’Keefe’s Passage and the Valley of the Rays.
+ Diffuse seepage can occur on a wide front, especially near to the channel where the water-table joins the stream.
+ The Navy concluded that the presence of the whales in an ocean channel with calm water, which amplifies sound, caused the sonar to damage their ears.
+ It is an ideal place to sample some of the most adventurous diving you could ever hope to find – around the rugged shores and channels of Queen Charlotte Strait.
+ Around me the water was moving slowly through the channel towards the fjord.

5. chat

– Part Of Speech: verb
– Meaning: Talk in a friendly and informal way.
– Example:
+ she chatted to her mother on the phone every day
+ I spent the evening chatting and had a great time, so my need for chatter was fulfilled finally.
+ I was lying down on my bed, my roommate still in the room chatting quietly with a friend.
+ It only takes a couple of morsels of chocolate for them all to start chatting again.
+ As such, I’ve spent the bulk of the day alternating working with chatting to mates.
+ Today he was chatting with a friend, so I just nodded and smiled and reached for my keys.
+ Minutes before he arrived, Charlotte had been sober, and was chatting to her friend.
+ I got chatting to one of the police officers, who looked like she’d been having quite a bad week.
+ A couple of years ago I was chatting to somebody at work, and I asked where she lived.


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