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[IELTS Ideas] Global Issues

Problems in Developing Countries

  • Developing countries face a range if problems
  • Standards of healthcare and education are low
  • Life expectancy in these countries is usually lower than developed countries
  • There is a lack of infrastructure, employment and good quality housing
  • Many people are forced to live in poverty
  • Food, drinking water and basic medicines are in short supply


How to Help Developing Countries

  • The best form of help for developing countries is development aid
  • Richer nations can help by investing in long-term projects
  • Governments and charities can help by building new houses and schools
  • Globalization may also help developing countries
  • Multi-national companies can create jobs in developing countries
  • On the other hand, many people emigrate to find work in richer countries
  • They often send money back home to their families
  • This money helps to improve the standard of living in developing countries



  • Some people move to other countries in search of a better life
  • Many immigrants come from less developed countries
  • Richer, industrialized countries may offer opportunities for employment
  • Free healthcare and schooling are available in some developed countries
  • Other people migrate to a foreign country to improve their academic qualifications


Positives of Immigration and Multi-cultural Societies

  • From an economic perspective, immigration can be extremely positive
  • Many immigrants have skills that are needed in the country they move to
  • Immigrants who find work contribute to the economy of their new country
  • Many immigrants send money home to help family members
  • Immigration also creates cultural diversity
  • People of many different nationalities learn to live together
  • This can help people to become more open-minded and tolerant


Negatives of Immigration

  • Some people believe that immigrants take jobs that should go to local people
  • Some immigrant workers work longer hours for less money
  • Companies might pay lower salaries to immigrant workers
  • Unemployment rates could rise if there are too many immigrants


Opinions about Immigration
  • Immigration can help the economy of a country
  • It can create multi-cultural societies
  • However, immigration needs to be controlled
  • In many countries, immigrants need visas or work permit
  • Governments should stop companies from exploiting immigrant workers
  • Foreign and local workers should have the right to equal pay and conditions


Positives of Globalization

  • Business of becoming increasingly international
  • Multi-national companies do business across the world
  • Companies like MacDonald’s can be seen on high streets in most cities
  • Goods are produced in one country and sold in many others
  • A global economy means free trade between countries
  • This can strengthen political relationships
  • Globalization can also create opportunities for employment
  • It encourages investment in less developed countries
  • It could reduce poverty in the developing world



Negatives of Globalization

  • Globalization is not always beneficial to everyone
  • Companies can move to countries where labour is cheap
  • This creates redundancies, or job losses
  • Employees cannot be confident that they have stable jobs
  • Companies sometimes exploit their employees in developing countries
  • Global trade creates more waste and pollution


The Future of Globalization

  • There should be global regulations for salaries and working conditions
  • Governments should impose laws to protect the environment



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