Environment is a controversial topic in life, and in IELTS as well.
At first, let’s look at the several causes of environmental issues and their possible solutions.
Causes of Environmental Problems
- Chemical and industrial waste:
Example: Chemical and industrial waste from the factories pollute my neighbourhood.
- Emission from cars and motorbikes
Example: Emission from cars and motorbikes can be blamed for pollution in land and air.
Solutions to Environmental Problems
- Raising awareness in people about preserving water and forest resources
Example: It is necessary to run some campaigns to raise awareness in people about the importance of preserving water and forest resources.
- Using alternative energy resources
Example: In order to mitigate the environmental issues, alternative energy resources such as wind and solar energy should be implemented.
Collocations and Phrases for IELTS Speaking Test -Topic Environment
1. Wildlife reserve/ nature reserve/ game reserve : an area of land in which plants and animals are protected
Example: Rare animals should be protected in game reserve.
2. Wildlife conservation : to protect animals and plants and their habitats
Example: The government is considering whether they should invest money on wildlife conservation.
3. Natural environment : the place where animals and plants would normally be found
Example: Legislation to protect natural environment should be enacted due to enhanced greenhouse effect.
4. Toxic waste/poisonous fumes/emissions : poisonous rubbish produced by industrial process
Example: Local people are suffering due to a great deal of toxic waste being released by factories.
5. Air quality : the cleanliness of the air we breathe
Example: Living in an environment with high air quality can have a good impact on our health.
6. Pollution levels : the amount of toxic waste
Example: Many factories are releasing waste illegally into air and water, which contributes to the increase of pollution levels.
7. Man-made disaster : widespread damage or loss of life brought about by action of human beings
Example: Man-made disaster is a controversial issue, and people should pay more attention to find a solution for this problem.
8. Loss of habitats : the decline in areas of land where animals and plants would normally exist
Example: Due to logging, loss of habitats is increasingly common at present.
9. Endangered species : animals or plants are on the verge of extinction
Example: We have to take the responsibility for protecting endangered species from hunting and natural disaster.
10. To die out : to become extinct
Example: The entire population of Kangaroo is in danger of dying out.
11. Global warming : the increasing temperature of the world brought about by gases such as CO2
Example: We are experiencing various side effects of global warming due to the enhanced greenhouse effect.
12. Greenhouse effect : the gradual warming of the air surrounding the Earth as a result of heating trapped by pollution
Example: The deforestation of forests is contributing to greenhouse effect.