IELTS Writing Actual Test 01/08/2019 (City life)

Task 1

The table below gives information about the temperatures and hours of daylight during the same weekend in two cities in May 2007. 

Sample Answer:

The tables show differences in the temperatures and daylight hours in Mumbai and Moscow in a particular weekend in May 2007. 

Overall, In Mumbai, the temperatures recorded over three consecutive days were relatively consistent, whereas those in Moscow witnessed significant changes. In addition, despite being warmer, Mumbai enjoyed fewer hours of daylight compared to Moscow. 

In Mumbai, the temperatures were nearly the same from Friday to Sunday, with the highest figure being 33.4C and the lowest one being 15C. The average number of daylight hours was approximately 13 hours, with the sun often rising at about 6AM. 

Meanwhile, the temperature was much colder in Moscow. The maximum temperature during the day was 17C on Friday, and slightly lower on Saturday and Sunday, at 13C and 15C respectively, which were twice as low as the temperature in Mumbai on the respective days. The minimum temperatures recorded during this weekend were between 2C and 8C. The average number of daylight hours in this city was more than 16 hours, from around 5.30am to 10pm. 

Task 2

In many countries, the costs of living are rising. What are the effects of this on individuals and society? Suggest solutions to this problem. 

Sample Answer:

These days, many people around the world are struggling to deal with rising living costs. The following essay will outline some of the effects of this issue, and some possible solutions. 

Higher living costs are affecting both individuals and society in a number of ways. On an individual level, many people, particularly those living in big cities these days, cannot keep up with the rising costs of living and therefore have to have more than one job in order to make ends meet. As a result, these people barely have any time left for leisure activities and could even be more prone to negative medical conditions like depression or anxiety disorder. On a societal level, rising living costs can cause people with financial problems to turn to crime in order to make more money. For example, in some Asian countries where the monthly salary of a police officer is very low, many of them turn to corruption to make enough money. 

Although rising living costs pose serious problems in many places, there are a number of solutions that could be implemented to help tackle this issue. Firstly, individuals need to learn how to budget their income more effectively, and be careful not to waste money. By adhering to a strict budget, people will be able to pay their bills and save money to cover other expenses. On the other hand, governments should enact laws to ensure that citizens receive minimum wages that are enough to cover rising living expenses. Lastly, governments can create more jobs, particularly in big cities where living costs are much higher. 

In conclusion, although many people around the world are finding it difficult to cope with rising living costs, there are a number of solutions that may help to mitigate the problem.