crime of passion Meaning: refers to a crime, especially murder, caused by sexual jealousy Example: People who carry out crimes of passion often regret their actions later, when they reflect on what they have done.
to serve a prison sentence Meaning: to carry out confinement in prison as a punishment Example: They are serving long prison sentences for their part in the assassination.
to turn to crime/ drugs Meaning: To start committing crimes or using drugs. Example: During periods of high youth unemployment, some youngsters turn to crime to obtain money.
to be tough on crime Meaning: To punish crime severely Example: The crime rate is likely to fall if governments take strong measures to be tough on crime.
to contest the verdict Meaning: not agree with the decision of the jury after the trial of a case Example: In many countries, the accused person has the right to contest theverdict which was reached in the court.
to take into consideration Meaning: to think about a particular fact or detail and allow it to have some influence when you are making a decision Example: The previous criminal records of those who are found guilty must be taken into consideration when a sentence is passed.
to reintegrate back into society/community Meaning: to restore someone through education or therapy Example: There is an increasing focus among policy-makers and practitioners on identifying programs and strategies that will help prisoners successfully reintegrate back into their communities without re-offending.
to be soft on crime Meaning: not to impose strict punishments on offenders Example: In order to deter criminals effectively, governments must not follow policies which are soft on crime.
a policy of zero tolerance Meaning: a policy of applying laws very strictly, so that every illegal action is punished, even if it is not very serious Example: I would argue that the most effective way to reduce crime is to implement a policy of zero tolerance.
a chance of rehabilitation Meaning: a chance of helping someone to have a normal life after serving a prison sentence Example: We should give ex-offerders a chance of rehabilitation and teach them how to become useful members of society.
to embark on something Meaning: To start something new Example: Young people sometimes embark on a life of crime as a result of the bad influence of criminals whom they know.
to make a fresh start Meaning: to try something new after making mistakes in one’s life Example: I believe that people should have the opportunity to make a fresh start after they are released from prison.
to act as a deterrent Meaning: a measure which makes somebody less likely to do something Example: Longer prison sentences would act as a deterrent and would be one useful measure to tackle rising crime.
to release back into society. Meaning: to give freedom to prisoners who have finished their sentences. Example: He was released back into society after serving two years of a five- year sentence.
corporal punishment Meaning: to punish by physically harming the offender Example: Many schools have abandoned the policy of corporal punishment for children who misbehave and prefer to give extra work or detention after school instead.
drug traffic-king Meaning: importing and selling illegal drugs Example: Some people argue that legalising drugs would put an end to the evil of drug traffic-king and the violence associated with it.
a non-custodial sentence| Meaning: a sentence which is not served in prison Example: There is a wide range of non custodial sentences which a court may give to offenders, including: fines, probation orders or community service orders.
to be found guilty Meaning: the court decided that the person did commit the crime Example: If people are found guilty of committing serious offences, heavy punishments should be imposed.
the full weight of the law Meaning: all the strictest punishments available according to the laws of a country. Example: In order to deter crime, the full weight of the law must be imposed for all serious offences.
to impose a ban on sth Meaning: to enforce an official rule which says that something is not allowed Example: Most governments have imposed a ban on the sale of tobacco to those aged under 16.
to convict a criminal Meaning: to find an offender guilty and to punish them Example: Once the courts have convicted a criminal, the punishment should be severe.
law-abiding citizens Meaning: people who obey and respect the law Example: The government could take some effective steps to protect law- abiding citizens.
to enforce the law Meaning: to make sure that the law is obeyed Example: The role of the police and the courts is to enforce the law.
capital punishment Meaning: punishment by death Example: In some states of America, those who commit murder are sometimes sentenced to capital punishment.
forensic evidence Meaning: connected with the scientific tests conducted by the police when investigating a crime Example: Modern police methods include the use of forensic evidence, such as DNA samples, to investigate crimes.
to instal surveillance cameras Meaning: to put cameras in a place where a crime is likely to be committed Example: The security company has installed surveillance cameras at all the entrances and exits of the shopping mall.
to put on probation Meaning: to make a convicted person see an official at regular intervals to check on their good behavior, as an alternative to going to prison Example: The young offender was put on probation, as his crime was not serious enough to send him to prison.
to punish wrongdoers Meaning: to punish people who do something illegal Example: Stricter measures must be introduced by governments to punish wrongdoers.
to arrest suspects Meaning: to stop and hold people who the police think may have committed a crime Example: The government should give the police greater powers to arrest suspects.
the letter of the law Meaning: the exact wording of the law, without considering any excuses Example: I believe that the courts must apply the strict letter of the law and impose the harshest possible sentences on criminals.