TOP 50 Vocabulary & Collocations For IELTS WRITING BAND 8

1.Technology in Education

No.

Words/Phrases

Definition

Example

Related Collocations

1

To integrate technology into classroom learning (ph)

ứng dụng công nghệ vào lớp học

When technology is integrated into lessons at school, students will find those lessons more interesting.

2

virtual classroom (np)

lớp học ảo

A virtual classroom allows learners to attend a lesson from anywhere in the world.

  • to participate in a virtual classroom

3

online learning

distance learning

(np)

lớp học online

Online learning is a new form of learning that has helped a lot of students study comfortably at home.

  • to facilitate online learning/distance learning

4

face-to-face interaction (np)

tương tác thực tế

One main drawback of online learning is that it does not allow face-to-face interaction.

  • to offer sb face-to-face interaction.

5

Access (v)

Tiếp cận với điều gì

Nowadays, more and more people have access to online learning due to the proliferation of the Internet.

  • have access to something
  • provide access to something

6

computer- literate

(adj)

có khả năng dùng máy tính

Being computer-literate is very important in this digital era.

  • to become computer literate

Business 

No.

Words/Phrases

Definition

Example

Common Collocations

1

running costs (n)

chi phí vận hành, chi phí hoạt động

The amount of money a company earns should at least cover its running costs such as rent, employees’ salary and utilities.

  • cover the running costs: đủ để trả cho các chi phí vận hành

2

budget (n)

ngân sách

Every company should learn how to allocate their budget efficiently.

  • allocate budget to st: phân bổ ngân sách cho cái gì

3

revenue (n)

doanh thu

The total revenue of this company increases by 20% on average annually.

  • total revenue: tổng doanh thu
  • generate/produce revenue: tạo ra doanh thu

4

profit (n)

lợi nhuận, thu nhập (bằng doanh thu trừ đi các khoản chi)

The top priority of most company is to maximize their profits.

  • make a profit: làm ăn có lãi
  • maximize profit: tối đa lợi nhuận

5

sales (n)

doanh số bán hàng

There are many ways to help businesses boost their sales.

  • boost sales: thúc đẩy doanh số bán hàng

6

market (n)

thị trường

Companies often carry out market research before launching a new product.

  • a competitive market: một thị trường cạnh tranh
  • market research: nghiên cứu thị trường

3. Protecting endangered species 

No.

Words/ Phrases

Definition

Example

Relevant collocations

1

Extinction (n)

Extinct (adj)

Sự tuyệt chủng

The extinction of the dinosaurs occurred millions of years ago.

  • in danger of/ threatened with extinction
  • on the verge of extinction

(nguy cơ bị tuyệt chủng)

2

Poach (v)

Săn bắt trái phép

The Government should do what they can to prevent wild animals from being poached uncontrollably.

3

Captivity (n)

tình trạng bị giam giữ

The animal finally were released from captivity after three months.

  • forcing something into captivity
  • hold/keep sb in captivity.
  • bring/take sb into captivity
  • free/release sb from captivity
  • escape from captivity

4

conservation (n)

conserve (v)

sự bảo tồn

Young people can volunteer to inform visitors of the importance of wildlife in conservation areas.

  • energy, environmental, forest, nature, soil, water, wildlife | architectural, building | art, painting + conservation
  • conservation + group, organization | efforts, measure, policy, programme, project, scheme, work | area

5

exotic (adj)

lạ, hiếm

Exotic pets like snakes and tropical birds are becoming more and more popular.

6

boycott (v)

Tẩy chay

People are encouraged to boycott products that are made from animals’ skin.

4. Environmental problems 

No.

Words/ Phrases

Definition

Example

Relevant collocations

1

climate change

thay đổi khí hậu

Most scientists believe that climate change today is happening largely because of human industrial activities.

2

atmosphere

khí quyển

The atmosphere in Hanoi is being polluted partly because too many vehicles are emitting large quantities of smoke.

  • in the atmosphere (trong khí quyển)
  • polluted/clear atmosphere (khí quyển ô nhiễm/sạch)

3

greenhouse gas

khí gây hiệu ứng nhà kính

We need a global system for limiting greenhouse gas emissions.

  • greenhouse gas emission (sự thải khí gây hiệu ứng nhà kính)

4

desertification

sa mạc hóa

Trees help to prevent desertification, as well as providing shade and firewood.

5

Pollution/ contamination

sự ô nhiễm

Increasing levels of air pollution in industrial zones are having a negative effect on inhabitants of nearby areas.

  • a source of pollution (nguồn ô nhiễm)

6

pollutants

chất gây ô nhiễm

Large quantities of pollutants such as CO2 are being released every day, which leads to higher levels of air pollution.

  • the emission/release of pollutants (sự thải ra chất ô nhiễm)
  • discharge, emit, release pollutants. (thải ra chất ô nhiễm)

5. Environmental impacts of tourism 

No.

Words/ Phrases

Definition

Example

Common collocations

1

Public awareness

Ý thức cộng đồng

Environmental groups are trying to raise public awareness about the impacts of tourism on the environment.

  • To increase/raise public awareness of something

2

Environmental impacts

Ảnh hưởng lên môi trường

Nowadays, more and more people are becoming aware of the environmental impacts of tourism.

  • To alleviate/reduce the environmental impacts of/from something.
  • To become aware of the environmental impacts of

3

environmentally conscious

Có ý thức về môi trường

Schools should teach children to become environmentally conscious.

  • To be environmentally conscious
  • To remain environmentally conscious

4

biodiversity

Sự đa dạng sinh học

The region is famous for its biodiversity.

  • To preserve/protect biodiversity
  • To maintain biodiversity

5

natural resources

Tài nguyên thiên nhiên

The development of industrial zones has led to the depletion of natural resources.

  • To be rich in natural resources
  • The depletion of natural resources

6

tourism industry

Ngành công nghiệp du lịch

In recent years, Vietnam has witnessed an increase in the foreign investment in its tourism industry.

  • To develop/stimulate the tourism industry
  • To damage the tourism industry

6. Transport problems. 

No.

Words/Phrases

Definition

Example

Related Collocations

1

Traffic congestion (n)

Ách tắc giao thông

Traffic congestion in cities is a complex issue that needs to be addresses properly.

  • To ease traffic congestion
  • To reduce traffic congestion
  •  (Giảm tắc nghẽn giao thông)

2

Infrastructure (n)

Cơ sở hạ tầng

Governments of developing countries should pay more attention to developing road infrastructure.

  • inadequate infrastructure
  • (cơ sở hạ tầng yếu kém)
  • infrastructure inefficiency
  • (sự yếu kém về cơ sở hạ tầng)
  • To improve inadequate road infrastructure
  • (Cải thiện cơ sở hạ tầng đường xá yếu kém)

3

Road maintenance (n)

Bảo trì đường bộ

The city’s authorities need to pay more attention to road maintenance because many roads are in poor condition.

  • regular road maintenance
  • (bảo trì đường bộ thường xuyên)
  • carry out road maintenance
  • (Tiến hành bảo trì đường bộ thường xuyên)

4

Driving offences (n)

Hành vi vi phạm giao thông

Although some people are fully aware of road rules, they still commit driving offences.

  • commit driving offences
  • (Vi phạm giao thông)
  • prevent driving offences

7. Making life choices and changes 

No.

Vocabulary

Definition

Example

Related collocations

1

Decide (v)

Decision (n)

Quyết định

Một quyết định

Young children should be encouraged to make their own decisions.

  • To make a decision to do something

2

Encourage (v)

Encouragement (n)

Khuyến khích

Sự khuyến khích

  • To encourage somebody to do something

3

Participate (v)

Participation (n)

Tham gia

Sự tham gia

College students should participate in extracurricular activities to enhance their soft skills.

  • To participate in something/doing something
  • Participation in something

4

Pursue (v)

Pursuit (n)

Theo đuổi

Sự theo đuổi

Many high school graduates choose to pursue a career instead of attending college.

  • To pursue a hobby, career, a passion, education

5

Underlying (adj)

Cơ sở

There are some underlying reasons why children nowadays have more freedom than the previous generation.

  • Underlying causes
  • Underlying reasons

6

Experience (n)

Trải nghiệm

People can have valuable experiences when they travel around the world.

  • Rewarding experiences
  • Valuable experiences

8. History 

No.

Words/phrases

Definition

Example

Related collocations

1

Heritage (n)

Di sản

The young generation should be aware of their responsibility to conserve their national heritage.

  • Rich/cultural/historical heritage
  • Spiritual heritage
  • Family heritage
  • To conserve/preserve heritage

2

Family tree (np)

Gia phả

Many people nowadays do not know anything about their family tree.

3

Ancestor (n)

Ông bà, tổ tiên

Knowing how our ancestors lived teaches us a lot about how we should live.

4

Ancestry (n)

Tổ tiên

For example, my father used to spend days tracing our ancestry back over 1 thousand years.

  • To trace somebody’s ancestry

5

Genealogy (n)

Việc nghiên cứu phả hệ

Modern media encourages genealogy as it is believed to be important for us to know about how our ancestors lived in the past.

6

Offspring (n)

Con cháu

Parents usually find it difficult to connect with their teenage offspring.