Vocabulary – Collocations topic Environment for Writing Task 2

Environment – one of the most common topics in Writing Task 2.

  1. climate change: thay đổi khí hậu
    Example: Most scientists believe that climate change today is happening largely because of human industrial activities.
  2. atmosphere: khí quyển
    Example: The atmosphere in Hanoi is being polluted partly because too many vehicles are emitting large quantities of smoke.Relevant collocations:
    – in the atmosphere (trong khí quyển)– polluted/clear atmosphere (khí quyển ô nhiễm/sạch)
  3. greenhouse gas: khí gây hiệu ứng nhà kính
    Example: We need a global system for limiting greenhouse gas emissions.
    Relevant collocations:
    – greenhouse gas emission (sự thải khí gây hiệu ứng nhà kính)
  4. desertification: sa mạc hóa
    Example: Trees help to prevent desertification, as well as providing shade and firewood.
  5. Pollution/contamination: sự ô nhiễm
    Example: Increasing levels of air pollution in industrial zones are having a negative effect on inhabitants of nearby areas.Relevant collocations:
    –  a source of pollution (nguồn ô nhiễm)
  6. waste: chất thải
    Example: Toxic waste from factories is being dumped directly into nearby rivers and does great harm to the animals living there.Relevant collocations:
    – produce waste (tạo ra chất thải)– dump, get rid of (xả chất thải)
  7. exhaust: khí thải (đặc biệt từ ô tô và các ống xả)
    Example: Exhaust from cars is the main reason for the city’s pollution.Relevant collocations:
    – emission, fumes, gas, pollution, smoke exhaust
  8. emit: thải ra
    Example: The atmosphere in Hanoi is being polluted partly because too many vehicles are emitting large quantities of smoke.Relevant collocations:
    – emit beam, noise, smell, or gas (tỏa ra ánh sáng, tiếng ồn, mùi và khí)
  9. impact: ảnh hưởng
    Example: The environmental impact of the industrial activities in this region is enormous.Relevant collocations:
    – create, exert impact (tạo ra ảnh hưởng)– enhance, increase, maximize impact (tăng cường ảnh hưởng)
  10. toxic: độc hại
    Example: Toxic waste from factories is being dumped directly into nearby rivers and does great harm to the animals living there.Relevant collocations:
    Toxic environment/ pollutant/substance (môi trường, chất ô nhiễm, chất độc hại)
  11. deforestation: sự phá rừng
    Example: Deforestation is the third major contributor to global warming.
  12. global warming: sự nóng lên toàn cầu
    Example: The destruction of the rainforests is contributing to global warming.
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