50 Vocabulary and Exercises: IETLS Reading Band 8 (Part 1)

Glossary


Words and Phrases

Definition

In the text
1inhabitant (n)a person that lives in a particular placeNew Zealand is a small country of four million inhabitants.
2long-haul (adj)travelling a long distance, especially by airThe visitors arrived after a long-haul flight.
3campaign (n)a series of thing such as television advertisements or posters that try to persuade people to do sth e.g. buy a new productTourism New Zealand launched a campaign to communicate a new brand position to the world.
4exhilarating (adj)making you feel excited and full of energyNew Zealand’s scenic beauty,
exhilarating outdoor activities and authentic Maori culture.
5on a regular basis (adv)regularlyparticipating businesses were able to update the details they gave on a regular basis.
6evaluation (n)the process of judging something’s quality, importance, or valuethe website underwent an independent evaluation.
7blockbuster (n)a book or film that is very successfulblockbuster films which had made use of New Zealand’s stunning scenery.
8itinerarya detailed plan or route of a journeytravellers devise their own customised itineraries.
9indicateshowaccording to the season and indicating distances and times.
10inclusionthe act of including someone or something as part of a group, list etc.anyone could submit a blog of their New Zealand travels for possible inclusion on the website.
11set upestablishThe website was set up
12undertaketo do something ,esp. something that will take a long time or be difficultThe more activities that visitors undertake, the more satisfied they will be
13appearseemit appears that visitors to New Zealand don’t want to be ‘one of the crowd’
14be composed ofto be formed from different thingsNew Zealand is a small country with a visitor economy composed mainly of small businesses
15infrastructurethe basic systems and services e.g. transport and power supplies that a country or organization uses in order to work effectivelya safe English-speaking country with a reliable transport infrastructure.
16underlyingreal but not immediately obviousthe underlying lessons apply anywhere

Exercise 1: Circle the correct answer

  1. Learning to windsurf is tiring but exhilarating/exhausting.
  2. Water is composed/created of hydrogen and oxygen.
  3. A detailed itinerary/blockbuster was handed to each member of the tour.
  4. After careful inclusion/evaluation, the judge eventually reached a verdict.
  5. We are unable to find the undertaking/underlying cause of such a plunge in sales.
  6. Muscles are comprised/compound of two different kinds of protein.
  7. We set off/up at 5 and arrived at the location at 10.

Exercise 2: Rewrite the following sentences.

  1. The Lord of The Rings is a very successful movie.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. The man seems to know nothing about the incident.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

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  1. Muscles consist of two kinds of protein.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. They have established a new conservation zone in this region.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. Those who exercise regularly may be less likely to suffer from stress.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. We have been carrying out a very challenging task

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Exercise 3:

Fill in each blank with an appropriate word. There are TWO extra words that you do not need to use. You may want to change the word form if necessary.

undertake – indicate – infrastructure – underlying – campaign – regular – composed – long-haul –inhabitant – itinerary

1. Those goods are checked on a………………………….basis.

2. Activists have launched a lot of………………………… against anti-LGBT acts.

3. Monowi is the most remote town in the world – its mayor is also the only of…………… the town!

4. Returning from a………………………… flight, they decided to have a short nap.

5. Stress is the………………………… cause of many health problems.

6. The research has………………………… that drinking juice does not help you lose weight.

7. More money should be invested in education, health care and ………………………….

8. A short excursion in the safari is included in the ………………………….

Collocations for Speaking and Writing

campaignlaunch a campaign, an intensive campaign, a fund-raising campaign
on a … basison a regular basis, on a daily basis, on a permanent basis, on a temporary basis
undertakeundertake a task, undertake a project, undertake research, undertake a challenge
underlyingunderlying cause, underlying reason, underlying principle, underlying problem, underlying message

Exercise 4:

Fill in each blank with one word. You may refer to the Table above.

• The authority has (1)…………………………. (2)………………………….campaign to build a retirement home for the elderly in the village.

• Teachers here are employed on a (3)…………………………. , or part-time, basis.

• Although usually conceived as a ballad about unrequited love, the song has an underlying antiwar (4)…………………………. .

• In 1746, Samuel Johnson (5)…………………………. a daunting challenge of writing the first English dictionary.

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