50 Vocabulary and Exercises: IETLS Reading Band 8 (Part 2)

Glossary

Words and PhrasesDefinitionIn the text
1. stretch outmake something continue for a longer period that was plannedtime stretches out
2. apathylack of interest in somethingFor a start, it can include a lot of other mental states, such as frustration, apathy, depression and indifference.
3.indifferencelack of interest in somethingFor a start, it can include a lot of other mental states, such as frustration, apathy, depression and indifference.
4. agitatedworried or upsetflat kind of emotion or whether feeling agitated and restless counts as boredom, too.
5. infectious(disease) spreading from one person to anotherboredom may protect them from “infectious” social situations
6. intriguinglyin a very interesting and mysterious wayIntriguingly, Goetz has found that while people experience all kinds of boredom, they tend to specialize in one.
7. specialize into be very good at one particular fieldIntriguingly, Goetz has found that while people experience all kinds of boredom, they tend to specialize in one.
8. prone toto be very likely to be affected by somethingthe kind of boredom each of us might be prone to
9. not necessarilynot alwaysThat doesn’t necessarily mean that it isn’t adaptive
10. curiositya strong feeling to find out somethingOther personality traits, such as curiosity, are associated with a high boredom threshold.
11. associated withlinked withOther personality traits, such as curiosity, are associated with a high boredom threshold.
12. thresholdlevelOther personality traits, such as curiosity, are associated with a high boredom threshold.
13. detrimentalharmfulboredom has detrimental effects
14. alleviateto make something less seriousWhat can we do to alleviate it before it comes to that?
15. distractionsomething that prevents you from concentratingusing snacks, TV or social media for distraction
16. speculateguessPsychologist Francoise Wemelsfelder speculates that
17. stimulationsomething that cause a person or thing to be more active or enthusiasticinstead of seeking yet more mental stimulation

Exercise 1: Choose the best answer A, B or C.

  1. Success doesn’t ……………………………………. mean having great financial wealth.
    A. necessity B. necessary C. necessarily
  1. Such a widespread political ……………………………………. among students is an alarming issue today. They don’t care about their country, and some of them do not even know the name of the president!
    A. apathy B. curiosity C. threshold
  1. That chef specializes ……………………………………. Japanese dishes.
    A. in B. on C. at
  1. One of the problems associated ……………………………………. illiteracy is poverty.
    A. at B. with C. out
  1. Sometimes being forced to do something is great …………………………………….. for creativity. I have come up with a lot of good ideas when forced to do my assignments!
    A. detriment B. stimulation C. indifference
  1. I feel a little bit whenever I am in an interview.
    A. detrimental B. stimulated C. agitated

Exercise 2: Rewrite the following sentences.

  1. Young people nowadays don’t seem to take much interest in jobs related to farming.
    …………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  1. Being mathematically intelligent doesn’t always mean being a successful person.
    ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  2. Interestingly, he managed to survive even though he didn’t know how to swim.
    …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Collocations for Speaking and Writing

indifferencecomplete indifference, feign indifference, callous indifference, indifferent to
curiosityinsatiable curiosity, arouse curiosity, out of curiosity
alleviatealleviate a problem, alleviate an issue, alleviate the pain
detrimentalhighly detrimental, prove detrimental

Exercise 3: Complete the following sentences.

  1. Such_________indifference to environmental problems is a great threat to the society.
  2. He asked me this problem just ___ of curiosity.
  3. Sightings of UFOs _________ great curiosity among locals here.
  4. The doctor has prescribed some drugs to alleviate the ______
  5. Coal energy has been _________ detrimental to the environment.

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