IELTS Writing Recent Actual Test 16/10/2018
The chart show fresh fruit exports in 2010.
- Level: Hard
- Type: Bar chart
The charts compare different types of citrus fruit exports from a number of different countries in 2010.
Overall, oranges were by far the fruit that was exported the most, in terms of weight, followed by lemons and then grapefruits.
Orange exports were the highest, with South Africa exporting just over 1 million metric tons. Egypt and the US also exported a large amount of oranges, at 900,000 and 700,000 metric tons respectively. With regards to lemon exports, Turkey was the main exporter, with 500,000 metric tons, followed by Mexico and Argentina, at approximately 440,000 and 260,000 metric tons.
Grapefruits were the third most commonly exported fruit, with the US and South Africa both exporting around 230,000 tons, while Turkey managed to export around 50,000 tons less than those countries. In terms of other types of citrus fruits, Mexico was responsible for 450,000 metric tons of exports. The US and Israel made minimal contributions in comparison.
- Citrus fruit (n)
- Exporter (n)
- Make minimal contribution(v)
Many museums and historical sites are mainly visited by tourists but not local people.
Why is it the case?
What can be done to attract local people to visit these places?
- Level: Easy
- Type: Cause and solution.
- Topic: Museum
- Keyword: Museum and sites, tourist, local people.
Nowadays, travelers instead of local residents often visit museums and historical areas. There are some underlying reasons for this, and some feasible solutions would be analyzed to address the problem in the essay below.
This issue might be attributable to two main reasons. To begin with, since museums and historical places are usually poorly conserved or refurbished due to a low budget for operation, the locals are often too familiar with these areas. For example, there has been no appearance of new historical weapons and war relics for many years in the Air Defense museum in Hanoi, and thus there are nothing new for local inhabitants to discover. Furthermore, entrance tickets at some historical sites are expensive for the local people to afford. For instance, most residents in Dien Bien, a province in northwestern Vietnam, are struggling to make ends meet, let alone to spend money on visiting some famous historical attractions there
Some practical solutions are suggested to mitigate the problem. Firstly, the local authorities should allocate financial resources for maintaining and refreshing the exhibits regularly in museums and historical places. In War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam, historical pictures and newspapers about Vietnam War are monthly updated, resulting in more local people being interested in these documentaries. Secondly, the local authorities should allow local residents to visit museums and historical areas for free in certain days of a year. Without worrying about additional expenditures, these individuals will pay more visits to historical sites in order to broaden their knowledge about their hometowns.
In conclusion, I have presented several factors as well as tried to put forward some plausible measures to mitigate the problem in the above-mentioned arguments.
- Feasible = plausible (adj)
- To be attributable to something
- Are usually poorly conserved or refurbished
- A budget for operation
- To be familiar with something
- war relics (n)
- Local inhabitants (n)
- To struggle to make ends meet
- Allocate financial reso.urces for maintaining and refreshing the exhibits
- Pay something/somebody a visit