Lesson 16: Media – Writing Band 8

Lesson 16: Media

  1. author – the writer of a book, article, play, etc.
  2. bias – the fact of preferring someone or something
  3. censorship – the act of censoring books, films, etc.
  4. current affairs – political news about events happening now
  5. exposé – a public report of the facts about a situation, especially one that is shocking or has been kept secret 6.
  6. exposure – the attention that someone or something gets from newspapers, television etc
  7. free press – a press having the freedom to operate without interference or censorship
  8. ideology – the set of ideas and beliefs of a group or political party.
  9. mass media – newspapers, television, radio, and the internet
  10. newsstand – a small structure where newspapers and magazines are sold
  11. paparazzi – photographers who follow famous people in order to take photographs they can sell to newspapers
  12. publicity – notice or attention given to someone or something by the media
  13. relevance – the degree to which something is related or useful to what is happening or being talked about
  14. safeguard – a rule, agreement etc that is intended to protect someone or something from possible dangers or problems
  15. tabloid – a type of newspaper that has smaller pages, many pictures, and short reports
  16. attention–grabbing – attracting people’s notice; striking
  17. biased – unfairly preferring one person or group over another
  18. celebrity – someone who is famous, especially in the entertainment business
  19. distorted – changed from the usual, original, natural, or intended form
  20. entertaining – funny and enjoyable
  21. factual – based on facts
  22. informative – providing a lot of useful information
  23. intrusive – affecting someone in a way that annoys them and makes them feel uncomfortable
  24. investigative – intended to examine a situation in order to discover the truth
  25. mainstream – (of beliefs or behaviour) common and shared by most people
  26. sensationalist – a person who presents stories in a way that is intended to provoke public interest or excitement, at the expense of accuracy.
  27. superficial – (of a person) never thinking about things that are serious or important
  28. unbiased – able to judge fairly because you are not influenced by your own opinions
  29. well-informed – having a lot of knowledge
  30. exploit – to use something in a way that helps you
  31. invade – to enter a place by force, often in large numbers
  32. publicize – to make information about something generally available
  33. corruption – illegal, bad, or dishonest behaviour, especially by people in positions of power
  34. pride oneself on – be especially proud of a particular quality or skill
  35. reveal – to make known or show something usually secret or hidden
  36. ill-informed – knowing less than you should about a particular subject
  37. comply – to act according to an order, set of rules or request
  38. alarming – causing worry and fear
  39. underreport – fail to report (something) fully
  40. relegate – to put someone or something into a lower or less important rank or position
  41. media hype – publicity
  42. impartial – not supporting any of the sides involved in an argument
  43. invasive – (especially of an action or sensation) tending to intrude on a person’s thoughts or privacy; spreading
  44. reality TV – television programs in which real people are continuously filmed, designed to be entertaining rather than informative.
  45. glamorous – attractive in an exciting and special way
  46. rectify – to correct something or make something right

Some questions asked in previous IELTS Writing Paper that you would be able to write with the help of the vocabulary in this lesson:

  1. Some people think the media – television and films – negatively affect people’s behaviour. Others do not think so. How do you think the media affects people’s behaviour? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  2. The most popular modern media is the internet. Do you think it will replace all other available media of communication? Provide specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
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