Academic 20: defence, delay, dentist, desert, dessert

1. defence

– Part Of Speech: noun
– Meaning: The action of defending from or resisting attack.
– Example:
+ methods of defence against this kind of attack
+ she came to the defence of the eccentric professor
+ he spoke in defence of a disciplined approach
+ This poses an important test for those of us who want to make a consistent stand in defence of liberties during the second term.
+ Unlike the police, they act only in defence of private places.
+ It is a battle in defence of reason and objectivity, the very basis of all scientific enquiry.
+ As in America, the citizens’ militia was an integral part of a patriot ideology that extolled the right of a free people to bear arms in defence of liberty.
+ One player is not going to score all the goals, be the toughest player, play defence and stop the puck.
+ She was adamant that her brother had fallen in defence of our two countries, the land of his birth and England, the land of his ancestors.

2. delay

– Part Of Speech: verb
– Meaning: Make (someone or something) late or slow.
– Example:
+ the train was delayed
+ Research indicates that stigma, shame and prejudice result in people delaying treatment and families denying that a family member may have a mental illness.
+ Neither trains nor traffic were delayed by the incident, although police attended the scene.
+ To produce such interactions, slowing the rate of processing must do more than simply delay the time to reach threshold at the feature level.
+ Minor modifications to the route will be necessary, but they are not expected to delay the planning process unduly.
+ Their existence can slow or stop an advance, delaying or even halting conflict; they can deter invasion in the first place.
+ Mr Chairperson, I genuinely do not wish to delay things unduly but I need to be clear on this point.
+ Their marketing consultant said the shortage was causing delays within the industry.
+ The Federal Minister for Ageing says increased community care services are delaying the need for people to enter residential aged care.

3. dentist

– Part Of Speech: noun
– Meaning: A person who is qualified to treat diseases and other conditions that affect the teeth and gums, especially the repair and extraction of teeth and the insertion of artificial ones.
– Example:
+ his mouth is still sore from his visit to the dentist’s
+ a leather dentist’s chair
+ Visit your dentist or hygienist to have your teeth scaled and polished on a regular basis.
+ In the short-term, we will change the way dentists are remunerated for treating patients.
+ It is likely your dentist will prescribe antibiotics to control the infection.
+ Most dentists recommend that you should replace your toothbrush at least every three months.
+ Doctors, nurses even dentists are taken to court for not taking the right action or making a mistake.
+ Gagging is a term that tends to be used somewhat differently by neurologists and by dentists.
+ Tayside health chiefs admit they are struggling to find enough dentists to treat all the children who need care.

4. desert

– Part Of Speech: verb
– Meaning: Abandon (a person, cause, or organization) in a way considered disloyal or treacherous.
– Example:
+ we feel our public representatives have deserted us
+ Was such a party bound to desert its essential core of supporters, they working class, in its attempt to secure the votes and support of others?
+ How was his third wife to know that he had deserted his still-living first wife?
+ The menace of grooms deserting their legally wedded wives is rampant.
+ These days most beneficiaries are not deserted wives; they are single women who have had children.
+ By 1914 most of their best-known intellectuals had quarrelled with Lenin’s tactics and deserted the party.
+ And they are very disaffected with a Labour Party they believe has deserted them.
+ It fears that its voters, particularly the younger generation, will desert the party if it is seen to capitulate to a unionist agenda.
+ His customers deserted his food kiosk and his wife left him.

5. dessert

– Part Of Speech: noun
– Meaning: The sweet course eaten at the end of a meal.
– Example:
+ a dessert of chocolate mousse
+ The dessert was chocolate biscuit with chocolate mousse and passion fruit sorbet.
+ During the holidays it’s easy to be exposed to many different types of sweet snacks and desserts.
+ Don’t be dismissive, however, as there is a large choice of starters, main courses and desserts.
+ A breather was necessary before indulging in one of the eight desserts on the sweet trolley.
+ For the competition, Daniel had to cook a starter, a main course and a dessert in an hour.
+ We both felt full, but not as heavy and bloated as after a meat-filled meal, so desserts were greedily ordered.
+ The chocolate syrup with peppermint mousse is the perfect dessert for a summer day.
+ These easy-to-make pastries are an ideal addition to a tray of sweeter desserts.

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