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Should we continue to use nuclear energy?
- If we continue to use fossil fuels, we will use them all up // There is not enough oil, coal, and gas to meet the future demand.
- Unlike wind and solar energy, which rely on weather patterns, nuclear energy has no such limitation and is available regardless of the weather conditions.
- It is environmentally-friendly. (e.g. it emits small amounts of greenhouse gases, so it does not contribute to global warming).
- Nuclear energy is a huge industry and has brought employment to many towns and cities.
- Nuclear energy is sustainable and could be used without wasting natural resources.
- It is cost-effective:
- Compared to other types of power plants, nuclear power stations have lower operation and maintenance costs.
- Nuclear reactors can also last up to 60 years, which means there is no need to build a new reactor every now and then.
- Uranium, which is used as a fuel during the process, is not costly.
- Uranium, which is the main element in the process of nuclear fission, is abundant.
- Nuclear energy is not safe:
- When there is a nuclear accident, the impact is catastrophic (e.g. thousands of people will be affected).
- There are very high levels of different kinds of cancer among people who live near nuclear power plants.
- Radioactive waste can pose a threat to our health.
- We should focus on greener energy sources like solar, wind, and hydroelectric power.
- Unlike solar energy, it cannot last forever because uranium, although abundant, is finite.
- There is a chance terrorists could steal radioactive materials.
- Compared to other power plants, building nuclear power stations requires a large amount of money.
- Constructing them also requires a large amount of time, which means it takes years before a new plant can become operational.
- It is harmful to the environment:
- Radioactive waste can easily pollute the land and bodies of water and destroy plants and animals in the vicinity.
- Uranium has to be mined and refined and also transported to the plants, all of which could cause pollution.