IELTS Writing Actual Test 10/10/2019 (Shopping)

Task 1

The charts give information about world forest in six different regions 

Sample Answer:

The pie charts compare the proportions of forested area in six regions around the world, and the percentage of timber in those places. 

Overall, it can be seen that Africa contains the largest proportion of world forest, while the opposite is true for Asia. Additionally, Russia has the largest percentage of timber out of all six regions. Furthermore, despite having the largest proportion of world forest, Africa contributes the lowest proportion of timber. 

Regarding the first chart, the percentage of world forest is highest in Africa, at 27%, followed by Russia and North America, at exactly a quarter each. 18% of world forest is found in Europe, whilst forests in South America and Asia account for 16% and 14% respectively. 

In terms of the second chart, 33% of timber is found in Russia, similar to that of North America, at 30%. South America contains 23%, which is 3% higher than the figure for Europe. The amount of timber in Asia is much lower, at 18%, while Africa contains only half of that, at 9%. 

Task 2

In some countries, small town-centre shops are going out of business because people tend to drive to large out-of-town stores. As a result, people without cars have limited access to out-of town stores, and it may result in an increase in the use of cars. 

Do you think the disadvantages of this change outweigh its advantages?

Sample Answer:

In many countries the world over, small shops in city centers cannot compete with large stores that are based on the outskirts; therefore, many of those small businesses are threatened with closure. This leads to a number of consequences, including a rise in car usage in these countries and access to large out-of-town stores becoming limited for those without cars. In my view, this change does more harm than good. 

Increasing bankruptcies among small town-center shops are an unfortunate situation that puts local people to great inconvenience, with those who are not in possession of a car standing most affected, because they now have to travel to a distant place to 264 shop. The time used for such journeys could be better spent on other activities that are of greater importance, be it work or entertainment. The situation’s impacts are also far beyond individual levels. It causes a significant loss for the economy of any city where large numbers of such businesses are forced to shut down. This may inflict unexpected damage on the national economy as a whole. 

The rise in car usage caused by people’s demand for long distance travel is also problematic. Traffic congestion will become worse due to the higher number of vehicles on streets. Furthermore, the quantity of pollutants emitted from car engines will rise, which heightens pollution levels in those places and adversely affects human health

However, this change in people’s shopping preference may encourage them to move to out-of-town areas to live. Given the fact that modern cities are faced with overpopulation and consequently ever-growing pressure on housing supply systems, this could be considered a start of relieving such pressure. 

In conclusion, the trend towards shopping in large stores located away from city centers is having many negative impacts. Although it could encourage some people to move to places where these stores are established and help solving some population problems in modern cities, I doubt that the trend could promise any significant outcome.