The flow chart below shows the procedures to get a driving license in US.
The given diagram details the process of obtaining a driving license in the US.
In general, it can be seen that there are three tests that need to be passed in order to get a driving license, which are, an eyesight test, a written theoretical examination, and a practical driving examination.
The first thing one needs to do to get a driver’s license is to register in a driving license centre, and fill out the appropriate forms. After that, an eyesight test is required. If the applicant passes this test, he will carry on to the second stage.
After paying the required fees, applicants will take a written test and will have two extra chances to retake the test if they fail. Once the written exam is successfully passed, a practical road exam will be carried out. It is obligatory to pass both exams to get the driver’s license. However, if one fails the road examination, they can still get the license by paying the fees again and reattempting both tests.
In some countries, small town-centre shops are going out of business because people tend to drive to large out-of-town stores. As a result, people without cars have limited access to out-of-town stores, and it may result in an increase in the use of cars.
Do you think the disadvantages of this change outweigh its advantages?
In many countries the world over, small shops in city centers cannot compete with large stores that are based on the outskirts; therefore, many of those small businesses are threatened with closure. This leads to a number of consequences, including a rise in car usage in these countries and access to large out-of-town stores becoming limited for those without cars.(1) In my view, this change does more harm than good.
Increasing bankruptcies among small town-center shops are an unfortunate situation that puts local people to great inconvenience, with those who are not in possession of a car standing most affected, because they now have to travel to a distant place to shop.(2) The time used for such journeys could be better spent on other activities that are of greater importance, be it work or entertainment. The situation’s impacts are also far beyond individual levels. It causes a significant loss for the economy of any city where large numbers of such businesses are forced to shut down. This may inflict unexpected damage on the national economy as a whole.
The rise in car usage caused by people’s demand for long distance travel is also problematic. Traffic congestion will become worse due to the higher number of vehicles on streets. Furthermore, the quantity of pollutants emitted from car engines will rise, which heightens pollution levels in those places and adversely affects human health.
However, this change in people’s shopping preference may encourage them to move to out-of-town areas to live. Given the fact that modern cities are faced with overpopulation and consequently ever-growing pressure on housing supply systems, this could be considered a start of relieving such pressure.(3)
In conclusion, the trend towards shopping in large stores located away from city centers is having many negative impacts. Although it could encourage some people to move to places where these stores are established and help solving some population problems in modern cities, I doubt that the trend could promise any significant outcome.