IELTS Writing Actual Test: Topic Environment

Writing TASK 1

The chart below shows the value of one country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016. The table shows the percentage change in each category of exports in 2016 compared with 2015.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.


Sample Answer:

The bar chart and the table illustrate changes of the exports in five distinct industries in one nation between 2015 and 2016.

Overall, it can be seen that export value in most categories witnessed an upward trend over the given period, except for the gems and jewel industry. Additionally, earnings from the exports of petroleum and engineered goods were the highest.

With regards to petroleum products, there was a gradual increase in export value, from just over 60 billion to approximately 63 billion dollars between 2015 and 2016. A similar growth in value was seen in the export of engineered goods, at 8.5%.

Moreover, the remaining categories recorded lower export earnings. The amount of money earned from gems and jewellery decreased significantly by 5.18%, from around 43 billion dollars in 2015 to just above 40 billion in 2016. In contrast, the export earnings of textile products experienced a 15.24% rise to over 30 billion dollars in 2016, while the figure for agricultural products was fairly steady, at around 30 billion dollars.

Writing TASK 2

Some people say that the main environmental problem of our time is the loss of particular species of plants and animals. Others say that there are more important environmental problems.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Sample Answer:

Many people think that the loss of particular plants and animal species is the major environmental problem that humans are facing nowadays, while others believe that some environmental issues are more alarming. I agree with the latter view and will analyse both views in the following essay.

On the one hand, the loss of animal and plant species is considered as a main environmental problem because of its impact on our planet’s biodiversity. Around the world, trees are being cut down for industrial and agriculture purposes. As a result, there will not be enough trees to produce oxygen for humans and prevent the soil from washing away. Meanwhile, endangered animals are being poached to serve people’s needs, hence negatively affecting the whole ecosystem. For example, when sharks are killed for their fins, many types of aquatic species no longer have their natural predators to control their population. Consequently, the disappearance of predators disrupts the natural food chain and then leads to unbalanced underwater ecosystems.

On the other hand, there are more urgent environmental issues that exist aside the loss of plant and animal species. Those problems including pollution and climate change are the main factors that cause the loss of biodiversity and put the natural habitat on the brink of destruction. Water and soil pollution caused by industrial and agricultural activities are poisoning a large number of species of marine and land animals, which means that human health is also negatively affected as those animals are humans’ important food source. Moreover, changing weather patterns caused by climate change lead to more frequent occurrences of natural disasters such as droughts, floods and wildfires.

In conclusion, it is true that the loss of particular plants and animals should be paid great attention to, but other environmental issues should also be taken into consideration. I think we should put a great deal of effort into tackling all of those problems rather than only focusing on the animals and plants’ extinction.