Lesson 6: Environment – Writing Band 8 Vocabulary

Lesson 6: Environment

  1. biodiversity – the variety of plants and animals in a particular place
  2. deforestation – the cutting down of trees in a large area, or the destruction of forests by people
  3. ecosystem – all the living things in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment
  4. emission – the act of sending out gas, heat, light, etc.
  5. erosion – the fact of soil, stone, etc. being gradually damaged and removed by the waves, rain, or wind
  6. exhaust – the waste gas from an engine, especially a car’s, or the pipe the gas flows through
  7. food chain – a series of living things in which each group eats organisms from the group lower than itself in the series
  8. fumes – strong, unpleasant, and sometimes dangerous gas or smoke
  9. impact – the effect or influence
  10. pollutant – a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere
  11. refuse – rubbish; matter thrown away or rejected as worthless;
  12. achievable – a task, ambition, etc. that is one that is possible to achieve
  13. advantageous – useful
  14. at risk – in a dangerous situation
  15. chronic – (esp. of a disease or something bad) continuing for a long time
  16. conceivable – possible to imagine or to believe
  17. devastating – causing a lot of damage or destruction
  18. environmentally friendly – not harmful to the environment
  19. fruitless – unsuccessful or not productive
  20. futile – achieving no result; not effective
  21. immune – unaffected; protected from or unable to be influenced by something.
  22. impracticable – (of a course of action) impossible in practice to do or carry out.
  23. improbable – not likely to happen or be true
  24. irreparable – impossible to repair or make right again
  25. irreplaceable – too special, valuable, or unusual to be replaced by anything else
  26. irreversible – not possible to change; impossible to return to a previous condition
  27. liable – legally responsible for the cost of something
  28. pervasive – present or noticeable in every part of a thing or place
  29. pointless – having no useful purpose
  30. pristine – original and pure; not spoiled or worn from use
  31. questionable – not certain, or wrong in some way
  32. sustainable – causing little or no damage to the environment
  33. taxing – challenging; needing too much effort
  34. unattainable – not able to be achieved
  35. unlikely – not probable or likely to happen
  36. unprecedented – never having happened or existed in the past
  37. worthwhile – useful, important, or good enough to be a suitable reward for the money or time spent or the effort made
  38. confront – to face, meet, or deal with a difficult situation or person
  39. contaminate – to make something less pure or make it poisonous
  40. dispose of something – to get rid of something; throw out or destroy
  41. inexorable – a process that cannot be stopped
  42. inevitable – certain to happen and unable to be avoided or prevented
  43. toll – suffering, deaths, or damage
  44. quest – a long search for something that is difficult to find
  45. insurmountable – (especially of a problem or a difficulty) so great that it cannot be dealt with successfully
  46. insoluble – (of a problem) so difficult that it is impossible to solve
  47. omnipresent – present or having an effect everywhere at the same time
  48. shred – to cut or tear something roughly into thin strips – burrow – a hole dug in the ground that an animal, such as a rabbit, lives in
  49. den – the home of particular types of wild animal
  50. ecology – the relationship of living things to their environment
  51. evolution – the way in which living things change and develop over millions of years
  52. extinction – a situation in which something no longer exists
  53. fauna – all the animals of a particular area or period of time
  54. flora – all the plants of a particular place or from a particular time in history
  55. habitat – the place where a plant or animal lives
  56. human nature – the behaviour and feelings common to most people
  57. Mother Nature – the nature, esp. when it is thought of as a force that affects people and the world
  58. predator – an animal that hunts, kills, and eats other animals
  59. prey – an animal that is hunted by another animal
  60. repercussion – negative effect
  61. scent – a pleasant natural smell
  62. vegetation – plants in general, or the plants that are found in a particular area
  63. vermin – small animals and insects that can be harmful
  64. disastrous – extremely bad or unsuccessful
  65. domesticated – brought under human control
  66. endangered – at risk or in danger of dying out completely
  67. extinct – not now existing
  68. vulnerable – able to be easily hurt, influenced, or attacked
  69. adapt – to change something in order to make it suitable for a new use or situation
  70. combat – to try to stop something unpleasant or harmful
  71. eradicate – to get rid of completely or destroy something bad
  72. hibernate – to spend the winter sleeping
  73. tolerate – to bear something unpleasant or annoying
  74. twig – a small, thin branch of a tree or bush, esp. one removed from the tree or bush and without any leaves
  75. coat – the hair, wool, or fur covering an animal
  76. beak – the hard, pointed part of a bird’s mouth
  77. hide – the strong, thick skin of an animal, used for making leather
  78. scales – one of the many very small, flat pieces that cover the skin of fish, snakes, etc.
  79. paw – the foot of an animal that has claws or nails, such as a cat, dog, or bear
  80. claw – one of the sharp, curved nails at the end of each of the toes of some animals and birds
  81. thorn – a small, sharp pointed growth on the stem of a plant
  82. petal – one of the thin soft coloured parts of a flower
  83. horn – a hard, pointed part, usually one of a pair, on the head of cows, goats, and other animals
  84. vegan – a person who does not eat or use any animal products, such as meat, fish, eggs, cheese, or leather
  85. human being – a person
  86. meerkat – a small, grey Southern African animal that sometimes sits up on its back legs
  87. endemic – belonging to a particular area; inherent
  88. prickly pear – type of cactus (= desert plant) that has oval fruit
  89. paddock – a field of any size that is used for farming
  90. render – to cause something to change in a certain way, make.
  91. larva – the active immature form of an insect
  92. cane – the long, hollow stems of particular plants such as bamboo
  93. toad – a small animal, similar to a frog, that has dry, brown skin and lives mostly on land
  94. controversial – causing disagreement or discussion
  95. caterpillar – a small creature like a worm with many legs that eats leaves and that develops into a butterfly or other flying insect
  96. hedgehog – small animal with spikes on its back
  97. executive – director, someone in a high position
  98. slug – a small animal with a soft body like a snail without a shell
  99. forage – to go searching, esp. for food
  100. saliva – the natural, watery liquid in the mouth that keeps it wet and helps prepare food for digestion
  101. lineage – all the living things that are related directly to the same living thing that existed long ago
  102. marsupials – have pouch and teat, mainly in Australia
  103. trace – to find the origin of something
  104. foetus – a young human being or animal before birth, after the organs have started to develop
  105. equator – an imaginary line around the earth or another planet at an equal distance from the North Pole and the South Pole
  106. proximity – the state of being near in space or time
  107. scrap – to have a fight or an argument
  108. primarily – mainly
  109. litter – a group of animals that are born at the same time and have the same mother
  110. rodent – a type of small mammal with sharp front teeth

Some questions asked in previous IELTS Writing Paper that you would be able to write with the help of the vocabulary in this lesson:

  1. Managing global environmental issues should be handled by one organization on a global scale. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
  2. Many agricultural lands are being converted into commercial centres.
    How does this affect the environment and the people’s lifestyle? Discuss this situation and provide suggestions to address these issues. Support your answer with specific reasons and examples.
  3. Many efforts have been made by countries to address challenges concerning the environment but the situation has not improved. What are the possible reasons for environmental degradation? Are there any solutions to combat this problem? Support your answer with specific reasons and examples.
  4. Nowadays, it is possible to move ocean creatures from their natural habitat at sea and have them relocated to marine parks for the purpose of education and entertainment. Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages? Explain your reasons and support them with specific examples.
  5. The government should close companies that produce toxic waste materials without their own waste treatment facility in order to protect the environment. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your position.

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