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HomeIELTS WritingWriting Task 1: The average household expenditures in a country in 1950...

Writing Task 1: The average household expenditures in a country in 1950 and 2010

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The pie charts below show the average household expenditures in a country in 1950 and 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Sample answer:

The two pie charts give information about household expenditure on goods and services in 1950 and 2010. It is immediately obvious that there are some quite significant differences between the two charts.

In 2010 the largest proportion of expenditure was on food whereas in 1950 it was on housing, with food for just 11.2%. There is a great difference in terms of housing expenditure between the two years. In 1950 72.1% of the total household budget went towards housing, compared to only 22% in 2010.

There has been a notable increase in the amount of money spent on transportation between the two dates. In addition, the charts show a significant rise in the proportion of money spent on health care in 2010 compared to 1950.

There are some similarities, however. For example, in both 1950 and 2010 the proportion of education expenditure was roughly the same.


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