50 Vocabulary and Exercises: IETLS Reading Band 8 (Part 3)

Glossary

Words and PhrasesDefinitionIn the text
artificialman-madeArtificial artists
trick intofool sb into doing sth… and even tricked them into
believing a human was behind the score.
sophisticatedcomplicatedHuman beings are the only species to perform sophisticated creative acts regularly.
canvascloth used in paintingAaron can pick up a paintbrush and paint on canvas on its own.
trawlA thorough searchThe software runs its own web searches and trawls through social media sites.
from scratchfrom the starting pointIt is now beginning to display a kind of imagination too, creating pictures from scratch.
fuzzyunclearOne of its original works is a series of fuzzy landscapes, depicting trees and sky.
depictdescribeOne of its original works is a series of fuzzy landscapes, depicting trees and sky.
arisebegin to exist or develop… Colton argues that such reactions arise from …
renownedfamous and respectedHuman artists like the renowned Ellsworth Kelly are lauded for limiting their color palette.
originalunique, new and interesting…might create something as original and subtle as our best artists.
subtlenot obvious, very difficult to notice… might create something as original and subtle as our best artists.
reveredto be respected and admired very much… but also that of the most revered classical composers …
condemn forstrongly criticize… and condemned him for his deliberately vague explanation of how the software worked.
deliberatelyintentionally… and condemned him for his deliberately vague explanation of how the software worked.
assessto carefully consider
something in order to make a judgment
He asked both expert musicians and non-experts to assess six compositions.
prejudiceunreasonable dislike
towards someone or something
Where does this prejudice come from?

Exercise 1: Circle the correct answer.

  1. The maps depict/stimulate the development of Ho Chi Minh City over a 4-year period.
  2. Your academic performance will be condemned/assessed by a series of tests.
  3. Some new problems have arisen/renowned as a result of the previous law.
  4. Since all of his documents were lost in the storm, Peter had to start the project with/from scratch.
  5. Artificial/Arising Intelligence is expected to dominate the world in the next 5 years.
  6. I am really impressed by the revered/original and novel design of this new house.
  7. The famous painter painted on a big canvas/prejudice.

Exercise 2: Rewrite the following sentences.

  1. I have been searching the Internet for information for my current project.
    ………………………………………
  2. His new and unique idea has been critically praised by scientists.
    ………………………………………
  3. The government has been fiercely criticized due to their failure to improve the environment in this region
    ………………………………………
  4. The differences between the two cultures may be tiny, but it’s there.
    ………………………………………
  5. The Queen’s visit was an intentional attempt to draw public attention to the problem in that area ………………………………………
  6. Oxford and Cambridge are the two most famous and admired universities in the UK.
    ………………………………………

Exercise 3: Fill in each blank with a suitable word.

There are TWO extra words that you do not need to use. You also have to change the word form if necessary.

revered – artificial – condemned – prejudice – fuzzy – trick – subtle – sophisticated – assess– arise

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  1. It’s sad that women still have to face a certain degree of ……………………… and unfairness in the workplace.
  2. Door-to-door salesmen usually ……………………… housewives into buying things that they don’t need.
  3. Our agent will ……………. the value of this property and inform you later.
  4. Many problems …………… when the company applied the new administrative system.
  5. Farmers use both natural ………………………… and light e.g. neon lights to help nourish their crops.
  6. The whole university campus is controlled by a ………………………… cutting-edge computer system.
  7. There’s a ……………, unclear line between the roles of parents and schools in shaping a child’s personality.
  8. The patterns look very similar, but there are ………………………… differences between them.

Collocations for Speaking and Writing

condemnbe strongly condemned, be roundly condemned, be publicly condemned
prejudicestrong prejudice, racial prejudice, deep-seated prejudiced, overcome prejudice
ariseproblems arise, difficulties arise, questions arise
subtlea subtle difference, a subtle change, a subtle hint
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