IELTS Writing Actual Test 02/11/2019 (Society)

Task 1

The line graph below shows the oil production and consumption in China between 1982 and 2006. 

Sample Answer:

The line chart illustrates how much oil was produced and consumed in China from 1982 to 2006. 

Overall, it can be seen that there was an upward trend in both the production and consumption of oil during the given period. In addition, oil consumption climbed significantly faster compared to its production over 24 years. 

At the beginning of the period, the figures for both oil production and consumption were nearly equal, at around 2 million barrels per day. After 8 years, the amount of oil produced rose significantly by 1 million and remained unchanged until 1994. Meanwhile, that of oil consumed witnessed a stability until 1990, after which it climbed remarkably to 3 million in 1994. 

In the second half of the period, the figure for oil production increased slightly to 3.5 million barrels per day. By contrast, the amount of oil consumed grew steadily by 1 million every 4 years, and finally reached a peak of 6 million at the end of the period. 

Task 2

People often think about creating an ideal society, but most of the times fail in making this happen. What is your opinion about an ideal society? 

How can we create an ideal society?

Sample Answer:

Each person holds a different view on how an ideal society should be. In my opinion, an ideal society is the society where everyone who lives in it behaves with pure altruism. To achieve such a thing, we have to pay more attention to the education that young children receive both at home and at school. 

We are facing many crises, be it severe environmental degradation and widespread poverty, and unfortunately most of them arise due to our selfishness. When we truly care about the livelihood of our future generation, there will be less damage done to the environment to justify economic progress. Or when we are aware of the suffering of those who are living in poor, unsanitary conditions on our doorstep and genuinely want to offer help, there will be more charity and less poverty. We can deal with our own problems and build an ideal society if our actions are driven by pure altruism. 

It is, in fact, extremely difficult, if not impossible, to create a society where everyone behaves with true selflessness. However, we can make a paradigm change to our today’s society through innovating children’s early education. A sense of altruism emerges during childhood and can be developed through years of schooling. Parents can nurture altruism in their children at an early age by educating them about sharing and giving. This may greatly affect the trajectory of a child’s personality development which can later be reinforced by education at school. As a result, that child is likely to become an altruistic individual when he reaches adulthood. 

In conclusion, I believe the most important element of an ideal society is altruism and we have to focus on nurturing our children’s altruistic behavior from an early age if we wish to build such society.