Structure vocabulary for IELTS essays (Part 2)

5. Explaining opinions

Sometimes it is sensible to restate an opinion with a further explanation. This is particularly relevant in the main body of an essay when you have introduced a complex point or argument.

Explaining opinions

  • What this means is
  • In other words,
  • That is to say
  • To be more precise
  • In fact,

6. Using examples to explain

The language of examples is highly relevant in IELTS essays as it allows you to explain with real life examples abstract ideas. The rubric of the essay almost always includes the words “support

Explaining through examples and introducing evidence

  • For example,
  • For instance,
  • A good illustration of this is
  • If we take an example
  • Evidence for this is provided by
  • We can see this when

7. Explaining cause and stating effect

The language of cause and effect is another way to expand on your main points. Equally, you can use the language of “reason” to say why.

  • One reason for this is
  • The immediate cause of this
  • One of the causes of this is
  • This has resulted in
  • As a result,
  • This has led to

8. Concluding

Evidently, this language is needed in the conclusion of the essay.


  • To summarise
  • In conclusion
  • On balance,
  • This is a complex issue with no clear answers
  • If we look at both sides of the argument


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